Testing for Marijuana, Drug and Alcohol Use in Canadian Workplaces

There is greater scrutiny than ever surrounding substance use in the workplace. More and more Canadian employers are exploring the possibility of implementing testing for marijuana, drug and alcohol use, even though such testing is strictly regulated in this country.

The Ontario Human Rights Commission has published policy guidance on five drug and alcohol testing situations to help employers and workers navigate this complex legal landscape. The situations are:

  1. Testing before employment
  2. Testing on suspicion of impairment
  3. Post-incident testing,
  4. Testing as part of a rehabilitation plan
  5. Random testing

Here’s a brief on what the OHRC has to say about these scenarios.

Testing for Marijuana, Drug and Alcohol Use Before Employment

The Ontario Human Rights Commission takes the position that testing a person before they are hired, transferred or promoted into a position (or allowed to work on a job site as a contractor) is prohibited under subsection 23(2) of the Human Rights Code. Legal precedent doesn’t rule it out as an option, but it is generally not recommended.

Refusing to hire someone on the basis of addiction (or perceived addiction) is often considered prima facie discrimination – meaning it is discriminatory on its face. The OHRC recommends that employers should not automatically disqualify a candidate on the basis of a positive test result, and that testing should only be done as part of a larger qualifying process that includes other legitimate qualifications.

Additionally, employers must continue to meet their duty to accommodate people with addictions.

Testing on Suspicion of Impairment

In certain circumstances, employers can require employees to take a test based on reasonable grounds.

Reasonable grounds means the employer has objective evidence, like a specific behaviour observed, that a person may be impaired. Potential indicators include:

  • Seeing someone use alcohol or drugs at work
  • Someone acting in a way consistent with impairment
  • Someone smelling like alcohol
  • Finding substance paraphernalia in the employee’s work area

Testing shouldn’t be the go-to response to these indicators, however, and the OHRC recommends that employers consider other methods, such as:

  • Allowing a chance to explain the behaviour
  • Temporarily removing the worker from safety-sensitive positions
  • Offering accommodation
  • Progressive performance management
  • Asking the worker to attend a medical assessment

Post-Incident Testing

Following an accident or report of dangerous behaviour resulting in a “near miss”, the employer will have a legitimate interest in testing the worker for drug or alcohol use. Post-incident testing should not be involved if it appears the accident resulted from external factors like a mechanical or structural failure; however, it may be considered if the employer assesses that the worker consumed a mind- or behaviour-altering substance that may have contributed.

Regardless, post-accident testing should only take place if it is necessary as part of a larger process of assessing drug or alcohol addiction, including broader medical assessment.

Testing as Part of Rehabilitation

When a worker comes back to work in a safety-sensitive job after being treated for alcohol or drug addiction, the employer may have grounds to conduct post-reinstatement testing.

This type of testing must be tailored to the person’s individual circumstances and the employer’s duty to accommodate.

Having a back-to-work plan that includes reinstatement testing does not negate the employer’s obligation to accommodate an employee if they have a relapse.

Random Drug Testing

Employers should only conduct random drug testing if they have established that there has been a link between impairment and performing job duties. This may be the case with employees in safety-sensitive positions.

Random drug testing is not automatically justified in a workplace with dangerous and safety-sensitive positions; the employer must also provide evidence of a general problem with substance abuse in that workplace leading to safety issues.

Even if drug or alcohol testing policies meet the requirements of the Human Rights Code, they are still liable to be challenged by workers based on privacy grounds.

10 Basic Travel Hacks That You Need To Know

As continuous travelers, we have taken in a plenty of pressing hacks throughout the years. Try not to stress if pressing has you focused on in light of the fact that it is an aptitude that accompanies time. In any case, we’re here to share a portion of our most loved pressing tips with you and make your next outing somewhat less upsetting.

  • Don’t fold, just roll

It’s quicker and will maximize your space! Folding your clothes will not just consume the space in your bag but also makes it difficult to get what you want to wear on a specific day.

  • Utilize shower

Shield your dirty shoes from messing things up by setting them in shoe sacks or shower caps as an alternative storage, which is accessible at most hotels.

  • Heavy Items should be closest to the wheels

Especially when you’re managing moving baggage, you need to consider how your things will react to movement. One critical general guideline is to keep all the substantial things put away towards the wheels so weight is disseminated equally.

  • Transparent bags for your toiletries

Keep your toiletries and cosmetics in a transparent organizer. It won’t just keep things bound in case of a leak, yet you’ll have the capacity to see everything in one place, without burrowing through/messing up your bag.

  • Eyeglasses case

To keep away from tangles with different wires, move them up firmly and toss them in a shades case, which is anything but difficult to open/close and won’t enable them to move around in a hurry. You can likewise do likewise with accessories.

  • Always bring an empty bag

This will serve as your bag for your dirty clothes during the trip. It will separate your laundry clothes to the clean one.

  • Plan your outfit

Combined and fold all the outfit you will wear on a specific day. For it easy to get and saves time.

  • Fluids remain together

You can use your contact lens storage to put your lotion and cologne in a small container. Keep them in the same place. You can also use a plastic before covering the container to prevent it from leakage.

  • Use your socks for all fragile items

With regards to breakables, similar to a glass fragrance bottle, avoid potential risk by slipping it into a sock. This will likewise keep it from scratching or getting on anything.

  • Make your suitcase standout

Losing your baggage is a definitive packing pitfall, and it’s all the more probable when your bag mixes in with a huge number of others. Brand your bag with extraordinary IDs or choose a style in a splendid shading or print.

Which Notes are Better? Hand-Written or Electronic?

Virtually every student takes notes in class and, thanks to laptops, it’s easier than ever. By a certain age, students require laptops for many courses anyway, so they are already carrying their “notepad” with them. Notes can be typed and instantly saved, e-mailed to others, and very easily copied, backed up, and printed. We haven’t yet mentioned tablets and smartphones, which are even smaller and easier to carry around.

Sounds perfect. So what’s the problem? Well, some are arguing that old-fashioned note taking is better because you are more likely to retain what you’re copying down. Pam A. Mueller of Princeton University and Daniel M. Oppenheimer of the University of California, Los Angeles published a study in Psychology Today that states while typing allows you to write faster (and thus, a greater volume), the more selective act of handwriting means you are more likely to record things that will stay in memory. Using that manner of thinking, students have less to work from, but it is of more value to their memory than the longer typed notes. That also means less to pour over when studying, which can save time.

“The Pen Is Mightier Than the Keyboard: Advantages of Longhand Over Laptop Note Taking” also had some other interesting conclusions. In the authors’ study, they found that students using the two types of note taking scored about equal when it came to remembering info such as dates. However, those using pen and paper were more effective in their ability to answer conceptual questions. Following other tests, they came to a rather startling conclusion: the more notes the laptop users took, the worse they did compared to the old school writers.

The results also suggested that those writing notes unconsciously reframed the words in a manner that made them easier to recall. That mental shorthand seems to be the key element that produces superior results.

Be the Best Supervisor You Can Be

You have probably heard the old saying, “With great power comes great responsibility.” It’s not entirely clear who first said this, but the message is obvious: those steering the ship must think about the good of the many and not just their own well-being.

It sounds like the motto a general might have, but is also applicable to those in lesser forms of responsibility. For example, an office manager may enjoy a nice pay cheque and some high-quality benefits as part of their position. However, along with those perks come the harder aspects of the job: making tough decisions that can leave you caught between the wishes of the company owners and the desires of the employees.

Here are some tips on how you can navigate those tough times and be the best supervisor you can be.

Be the Boss You Would Like to Work For

We all remember bosses that created less-than-desirable work experiences. Remember those times and learn from them. All jobs are different, but some of the basic principles of management cross over. A primary one is setting a good example. Listen, be professional, be reasonable, and be receptive. Ideally, your workers will respond the same way.

Be Willing to Change Course

It can be very tempting to stick with the tried and true, but avoiding risks can also be a mistake. Rules help to keep things moving along efficiently, but don’t be afraid to bend them when the time and opportunity calls for it.

Be Willing to Admit You’re Wrong

Some supervisors believe they can only command respect if they are faultless and decisive. Too bad that there is no one alive who never makes a mistake; trying to pretend otherwise simply alienates others. When (not if) you make a mistake, own up to it. Once again, leadership by example will encourage other members of your team to follow suit.

Unique Floor Plans!

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There are a lot of different style floor plans for your day to day home designers. We have a number of different arrangements to use to structure how we do basic living structures. There are a lot of people and each of them have a different idea of how exactly to design a home. There are bungalows, single story homes, multi story homes, mcmansions, and fully regular style mansions. Home designers have to go through quite a lot of different architectural design programs before they can be fully fledges designers. I spent quite a lot of time looking through different home design programs. Home designers have a lot of different styles to choose from when designing styles. There are also a lot of different builder of pre fab houses so when choosing your own builder it is important to make sure it is the right one.

In my city alone, there are a number of options to choose from. There are several different communities which have sprouted up on the outskirts of town which are optimized for the community living standards. Often these communities are build and incorporated using parks, rivers, streams, etc. Some of these communities are seen as less good than say more traditional older communities because the houses are very similar. It is a bit eerie to go through a community and see the same cookie cutter style houses side by side. Just recently I was looking for a friends house when I was driving through one of these cookie cutter communities and I noticed that the houses were so close to one another! They were basically side by side! It was completely ridiculous. I feel like neighbors could share cooking recipes because the windows were so close. I mean you could basically throw footballs between each windows and it wouldnt be too difficult.

I would say, for my neighbourhood, that there are a couple companies that are amazing. One in particular specializes in Ontario custom homes – click here to see more!

Choosing The Location For Your Home

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It’s an extremely difficult task to choose the perfect location for your new home. There are so many different aspects to think about. School, work, and distances to the nearest grocery store or gas station may all have an impact on where you want the location of your new home to be. If you have young children, perhaps you’ll want to live close to an elementary school so you’ll be able to walk them there or back. If you live further than a walk from the nearest school, you’ll want to know if there will be buses that can pick your kids up and drop them off. Depending on the location of your job, you might want to be close enough so that you’re able to get home quick in case of an emergency.

In terms of location, everyone wants to live in a nice, safe environment so I would suggest putting neighbourhood at the top of your list for things you want to think about. Find out if there are lots of families or if the place is full of seniors or young people.

The last thing you want to do is move to a new place and then find out afterwards that it’s not a safe environment or that you don’t get along with your neighbours. Always do enough research so that you won’t be surprised when you first move in!